PSRs & Middlewares Pipelines

Last updated 15 days ago

This interfaces are already (and amazingly) implemented by Zend at projects: Diactoros and Stratigility. Siler wraps them and exposes a function-friendly API handling state internally while achieving a fully-featured and declarative way for: Middleware Pipelining.

PSR-7 HTTP Messages

Siler doesn't have direct dependencies, to stay fit, it favors peer dependencies, which means you have to explicitly declare a diactoros dependency in your project in order to use it.

composer require zendframework/zend-diactoros

You can create a superglobals seeded ServerRequest with Siler\Diactoros\request():

use Siler\Diactoros;
$request = Diactoros\request();

And create Responses through helpers:

$json = Diactoros\json(['some' => 'data']);
$html = Diactoros\html('<p>some markup</p>');
$text = Diactoros\text('plain text');

If none of them fits your needs, you can create a raw Response:

$response = Diactoros\response();

To emit a Response, there is no big deal, if you got Siler, you already imagined that is about one or two function calls, but this time we get the help from HttpHandlerRunner:

composer require zendframework/zend-httphandlerrunner



As in Siler\Http\Response namespace functions, the HttpHandlerRunner\sapi_emit will output headers and text to the buffer, use it carefully.


<?php declare(strict_types=1);
require_once 'vendor/autoload.php';
use Siler\Diactoros;
use Siler\HttpHandlerRunner;
use Siler\Route;
use function Siler\array_get;
$request = Diactoros\request();
$response = Route\match([
// /greet/Leo?salute=Hello
Route\get('/greet/{name}', function ($params) use ($request) {
$salute = array_get($request->getQueryParams(), 'salute', 'Olá');
return Diactoros\text("{$salute} {$params['name']}");
}, $request),
Route\get('/', function () {
return Diactoros\text('hello world');
}, $request),
Diactoros\text('not found', 404),

PSR-15 Middleware Pipelining

composer require zendframework/zend-stratigility

Siler doesn't have direct dependencies, to stay fit, it favors peer dependencies, which means you have to explicitly declare a stratigility dependency in your project in order to use it.

A very simple Hello World example:

use function Siler\Diactoros\request;
use function Siler\Diactoros\text;
use function Siler\HttpHandlerRunner\sapi_emit;
use function Siler\Stratigility\handle;
use function Siler\Stratigility\pipe;
pipe(function ($request, $handler) {
return text('hello world');

It's more uses than actual code because Siler is abstracting all the way down for you.




Creates a Stratigility MiddlewarePipe with a default name and pipes the given Clousure to it already wrapping it inside a MiddlewareInterface decorator, or you can pass any implementation MiddlewareInterface to it.


Creates a Diactoros TextResponse. The Diactoros namespace in Siler is basically just helper functions for Responses.


Creates and immediately calls emit method on a HttpHandlerRunner SapiEmitter.


Calls handle on a MiddlewarePipe marshaling the Request.


Creates a Diactoros ServerRequest using PHP's Globals.

Siler's Routes

You can also run pipelines for specific routes:

use Siler\Diactoros;
use Siler\Http\Request;
use Siler\HttpHandlerRunner;
use Siler\Route;
use Siler\Stratigility;
$userMiddleware = function ($request, $handler) {
$token = Request\get('token');
if (empty($token)) {
return Diactoros\json('no user', 401);
$user = "get_user_by_token:$token";
$request = $request->withAttribute('user', $user);
return $handler->handle($request);
$homeHandler = function () {
return Diactoros\json('welcome');
$adminHandler = function ($request) {
return Diactoros\json(['user' => $request->getAttribute('user')]);
$secretHandler = function ($request) {
return Diactoros\json(['user' => $request->getAttribute('user')]);
Stratigility\pipe($userMiddleware, 'auth');
$request = Diactoros\request();
$response = Route\match([
Route\get('/', $homeHandler, $request),
Route\get('/admin', Stratigility\process($request, 'auth')($adminHandler), $request),
Route\get('/secret', Stratigility\process($request, 'auth')($secretHandler), $request),
Diactoros\json('not found', 404),

The second argument on pipe here is a Pipeline name, you can pipe middlewares to any number of pipelines, then in Stratigility\process we marshal it, from the given $request and returns a Closure to be called on a final handler.