Routing

Last updated 15 days ago
use Siler\Route;
Route\get('/path', <handler>);
Route\post('/path', <handler>);
Route\put('/path', <handler>);
Route\delete('/path', <handler>);
Route\options('/path', <handler>);

Also a facade to catch any HTTP method:

Route\any('/path', <handler>);

Additional and custom HTTP methods can be set using the route function:

Route\route('custom', '/path', <handler>);

With an array, you can listen for multiple HTTP methods on the same handler:

Route\route(['post', 'put'], '/path', <handler>);

Route parameters

Route parameters can be defined using Regular Expressions:

Route\get('/number/([0-9]+)', <handler>);

Or using a little syntax for creating named groups, that is just wrapping the parameter name around curly-brackets:

Route\get('/number/{n}', <handler>);

The above will match anything, not only numbers. For a fine-grained control, please use Regular Expressions.

Optional parameters

Optional named parameters can be defined using the question mark ? as sufix:

Route\get('/hello/{name?}', <handler>);

Route handlers

The <handler> placeholder you saw is where you can put the route logic and it can be contained on the following:

Callables

As Anonymous functions:

Route\get('/hello/{name}', function (array $routeParams) {
echo 'Hello '.($routeParams['name'] ?? 'World');
});

As a Closures:

$handler = function (array $routeParams) {
echo 'Hello World';
};
function create_handler() {
return function (array $routeParams) {
echo 'Hello World';
};
}
Route\get('/', $handler);
Route\get('/', create_handler());

As a method call on array-syntax:

class Hello {
public function world(array $routeParams) {
echo 'Hello World';
}
}
$hello = new Hello();
Route\get('/', [$hello, 'world']);

As a static method call string-syntax:

class Hello {
static public function world(array $routeParams) {
echo 'Hello World';
}
}
Route\get('/', 'Hello::world');

As any kind of callable:

class Hello {
public function __invoke(array $routeParams) {
echo 'Hello World';
}
}
Route\get('/', new Hello());

Filenames

Handlers can be a String representing the filename of another PHP file, route parameters will be available at the global $params variable:

index.php
Route\get('/hello/{name}', 'pages/home.php');
pages/home.php
echo 'Hello '.$params['name'];

Resources

CRUD routes can be auto-magically be defined for convenience using the Rails and Laravel pattern.

Given this resource declaration:

Route\resource('/users', 'api/users');

Siler will look for files at path/to/files matching the HTTP URI according to the table below:

HTTP Verb

URI

File

GET

/users

/api/users/index.php

GET

/users/create

/api/users/create.php

POST

/users

/api/users/store.php

GET

/users/{id}

/api/users/show.php

GET

/users/{id}/edit

/api/users/edit.php

PUT

/users/{id}

/api/users/update.php

DELETE

/users/{id}

/api/users/destroy.php

The file structure should look like:

index.php
/api
└── /users
├─ index.php
├─ create.php
├─ store.php
├─ show.php
├─ edit.php
├─ update.php
└─ destroy.php

Files

You can also let Siler create the routes recursively looking for files at a base path. Then the files names will be used to define the method and the path.

Route\files('controllers');

Siler will interpret periods (.) as slashes and also maintain folder structure at HTTP path:

Filename

Method

Path

index.get.php

GET

/

index.post.php

POST

/

foo.get.php

GET

/foo

bar/index.get.php

GET

/bar

foo.bar.get.php

GET

/foo/bar

foo/bar.get.php

GET

/foo/bar

foo/bar/index.get.php

GET

/foo/bar

Since { and } are valid chars in a filename, route parameters should work as well, but you can define required parameters prefixing with $ and optional parameters using @:

Filename

Method

Path

foo.{slug}.get.php

GET

/foo/{slug}

foo.$slug.get.php

GET

/foo/{slug}

foo.@slug.get.php

GET

/foo/{slug?}

Any method is valid, it is guessed based on the penultimate "token":

Filename

Method

Path

foo.options.php

OPTIONS

/foo

foo.x-custom.php

X-CUSTOM

/foo

Note on handlers

When creating routes, be careful about early and lazy evaluations.

Route\get('/foo', [new FooController(), 'index']);

The example above is early, which means it will call FooController constructor for each request even if it's not a request to /foo.

To make it lazy you can wrap inside a Closure:

Route\get('/foo', function () {
$controller = new FooController();
return $controller->index();
});

Now FooController is called only when there is a match for route /foo. One downside is that now you have to explicitly manage path parameters, on the other hand is a best practice to do so. It is a good time to validate parameters, convert plain string parameters to meaningful types on your domain or resolve dependencies.

Route\get('/users/{id}', function (array $params) use ($ioc) {
if (!preg_match('/[0-9]+/', $params['id']) {
$controller = $ioc->resolve(ErrorController::class);
return $controller->invalid('IDs must be numbers');
}
$controller = $ioc->resolve(UsersController::class);
return $controller->show($params['id']);
});

Request

Body

You can grab the raw request body using:

use Siler\Http\Request;
$body = Request\raw();

Parse as URL-encoded data using:

$params = Request\params();

Parse as JSON using:

$resource = Request\json();

$_GET and $_POST superglobals

Or get data from a Form and from the Query String using:

$input = Request\post('input');
$searchTerm = Request\get('q');

Calling them without arguments will tell Siler to return all the values as an array:

$data = Request\post();
$queryString = Request\get();

You can also pass a default value if the key isn't present in the GET or POST super-globals:

$input = Request\post('input', 'default-value');

Headers

Also conveniently get a header as easy as for the body:

$contentType = Request\header('Content-Type');

e.g. Serving both JSON and Form requests:

$data = Request\header('Content-Type') == 'json' ? Request\json() : Request\post();

Response

Siler also have convenient functions to simplify HTTP responses.

You can output JSON encoded body with proper headers in just one line:

use Siler\Http\Response;
Response\json(['error' => false, 'message' => 'It works']);

It will already output the given data, you don't need to call echo or print so use carefully, it's not a encoder, it's an output-er.

Headers

Same easy as for Request, you can set HTTP response headers with the header function at Response namespace:

Response\header('Access-Control-Allow-Origin', 'https://know-domain.tld');
Response\header('Access-Control-Allow-Methods', 'GET, POST, PUT, DELETE');